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如何在 Linux 上使用 tcpdump 命令捕獲和分析資料包 | Linux 中國

tcpdump 是一個有名的命令列資料包分析工具。我們可以使用 tcpdump 命令捕獲實時 TCP/IP 資料包
— Pradeep Kumar


致謝
編譯自 | 
https://www.linuxtechi.com/capture-analyze-packets-tcpdump-command-linux/
 
 作者 | Pradeep Kumar
 譯者 | ypingcn ???共計翻譯:13.0 篇 貢獻時間:653 天

tcpdump 是一個有名的命令列資料包分析工具。我們可以使用 tcpdump 命令捕獲實時 TCP/IP 資料包,這些資料包也可以儲存到檔案中。之後這些捕獲的資料包可以通過 tcpdump命令進行分析。tcpdump 命令在網絡層面進行故障排除時變得非常方便。

tcpdump 在大多數 Linux 發行版中都能用,對於基於 Debian 的Linux,可以使用 apt 命令安裝它。

  1. # apt install tcpdump -y

在基於 RPM 的 Linux 操作系統上,可以使用下麵的 yum 命令安裝 tcpdump

  1. # yum install tcpdump -y

當我們在沒用任何選項的情況下運行 tcpdump 命令時,它將捕獲所有接口的資料包。因此,要停止或取消 tcpdump 命令,請鍵入 ctrl+c。在本教程中,我們將使用不同的實體來討論如何捕獲和分析資料包。

示例:1)從特定接口捕獲資料包

當我們在沒用任何選項的情況下運行 tcpdump 命令時,它將捕獲所有接口上的資料包,因此,要從特定接口捕獲資料包,請使用選項 -i,後跟接口名稱。

語法:

  1. # tcpdump -i {接口名}

假設我想從接口 enp0s3 捕獲資料包。

輸出將如下所示,

  1. tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode

  2. listening on enp0s3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes

  3. 06:43:22.905890 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39374: Flags [P.], seq 21952160:21952540, ack 13537, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 26164373 ecr 6580205], length 380

  4. 06:43:22.906045 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39374: Flags [P.], seq 21952540:21952760, ack 13537, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 26164373 ecr 6580205], length 220

  5. 06:43:22.906150 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39374: Flags [P.], seq 21952760:21952980, ack 13537, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 26164373 ecr 6580205], length 220

  6. 06:43:22.906291 IP 169.144.0.1.39374 > compute-0-1.example.com.ssh: Flags [.], ack 21952980, win 13094, options [nop,nop,TS val 6580205 ecr 26164373], length 0

  7. 06:43:22.906303 IP 169.144.0.1.39374 > compute-0-1.example.com.ssh: Flags [P.], seq 13537:13609, ack 21952980, win 13094, options [nop,nop,TS val 6580205 ecr 26164373], length 72

  8. 06:43:22.906322 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39374: Flags [P.], seq 21952980:21953200, ack 13537, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 26164373 ecr 6580205], length 220

  9. ^C

  10. 109930 packets captured

  11. 110065 packets received by filter

  12. 133 packets dropped by kernel

  13. [[email protected] ~]#

示例:2)從特定接口捕獲特定數量資料包

假設我們想從特定接口(如 enp0s3)捕獲 12 個資料包,這可以使用選項 -c {數量} -I {接口名稱} 輕鬆實現。

  1. [email protected]-0-1 ~]# tcpdump -c 12 -i enp0s3

上面的命令將生成如下所示的輸出,

N-Number-Packsets-tcpdump-interface

示例:3)顯示 tcpdump 的所有可用接口

使用 -D 選項顯示 tcpdump 命令的所有可用接口,

  1. [[email protected]-0-1 ~]# tcpdump -D

  2. 1.enp0s3

  3. 2.enp0s8

  4. 3.ovs-system

  5. 4.br-int

  6. 5.br-tun

  7. 6.nflog (Linux netfilter log (NFLOG) interface)

  8. 7.nfqueue (Linux netfilter queue (NFQUEUE) interface)

  9. 8.usbmon1 (USB bus number 1)

  10. 9.usbmon2 (USB bus number 2)

  11. 10.qbra692e993-28

  12. 11.qvoa692e993-28

  13. 12.qvba692e993-28

  14. 13.tapa692e993-28

  15. 14.vxlan_sys_4789

  16. 15.any (Pseudo-device that captures on all interfaces)

  17. 16.lo [Loopback]

  18. [[email protected] ~]#

我正在我的一個 openstack 計算節點上運行 tcpdump 命令,這就是為什麼在輸出中你會看到數字接口、標簽接口、網橋和 vxlan 接口

示例:4)捕獲帶有可讀時間戳的資料包(-tttt 選項)

預設情況下,在 tcpdump 命令輸出中,不顯示可讀性好的時間戳,如果您想將可讀性好的時間戳與每個捕獲的資料包相關聯,那麼使用 -tttt 選項,示例如下所示,

  1. [[email protected] ~]# tcpdump -c 8 -tttt -i enp0s3

  2. tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode

  3. listening on enp0s3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes

  4. 2018-08-25 23:23:36.954883 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1449206247:1449206435, ack 3062020950, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 86178422 ecr 21583714], length 188

  5. 2018-08-25 23:23:36.955046 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > compute-0-1.example.com.ssh: Flags [.], ack 188, win 13585, options [nop,nop,TS val 21583717 ecr 86178422], length 0

  6. 2018-08-25 23:23:37.140097 IP controller0.example.com.amqp > compute-0-1.example.com.57818: Flags [P.], seq 814607956:814607964, ack 2387094506, win 252, options [nop,nop,TS val 86172228 ecr 86176695], length 8

  7. 2018-08-25 23:23:37.140175 IP compute-0-1.example.com.57818 > controller0.example.com.amqp: Flags [.], ack 8, win 237, options [nop,nop,TS val 86178607 ecr 86172228], length 0

  8. 2018-08-25 23:23:37.355238 IP compute-0-1.example.com.57836 > controller0.example.com.amqp: Flags [P.], seq 1080415080:1080417400, ack 1690909362, win 237, options [nop,nop,TS val 86178822 ecr 86163054], length 2320

  9. 2018-08-25 23:23:37.357119 IP controller0.example.com.amqp > compute-0-1.example.com.57836: Flags [.], ack 2320, win 1432, options [nop,nop,TS val 86172448 ecr 86178822], length 0

  10. 2018-08-25 23:23:37.357545 IP controller0.example.com.amqp > compute-0-1.example.com.57836: Flags [P.], seq 1:22, ack 2320, win 1432, options [nop,nop,TS val 86172449 ecr 86178822], length 21

  11. 2018-08-25 23:23:37.357572 IP compute-0-1.example.com.57836 > controller0.example.com.amqp: Flags [.], ack 22, win 237, options [nop,nop,TS val 86178825 ecr 86172449], length 0

  12. 8 packets captured

  13. 134 packets received by filter

  14. 69 packets dropped by kernel

  15. [[email protected] ~]#

示例:5)捕獲資料包並將其儲存到檔案(-w 選項)

使用 tcpdump 命令中的 -w 選項將捕獲的 TCP/IP 資料包儲存到一個檔案中,以便我們可以在將來分析這些資料包以供進一步分析。

語法:

  1. # tcpdump -w 檔案名.pcap -i {接口名}

註意:檔案擴展名必須為 .pcap

假設我要把 enp0s3 接口捕獲到的包儲存到檔案名為 enp0s3-26082018.pcap

  1. [[email protected]-0-1 ~]# tcpdump -w enp0s3-26082018.pcap -i enp0s3

上述命令將生成如下所示的輸出,

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -w enp0s3-26082018.pcap -i enp0s3

  2. tcpdump: listening on enp0s3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes

  3. ^C841 packets captured

  4. 845 packets received by filter

  5. 0 packets dropped by kernel

  6. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# ls

  7. anaconda-ks.cfg enp0s3-26082018.pcap

  8. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]#

捕獲並儲存大小大於 N 位元組的資料包。

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -w enp0s3-26082018-2.pcap greater 1024

捕獲並儲存大小小於 N 位元組的資料包。

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -w enp0s3-26082018-3.pcap less 1024

示例:6)從儲存的檔案中讀取資料包(-r 選項)

在上面的例子中,我們已經將捕獲的資料包儲存到檔案中,我們可以使用選項 -r 從檔案中讀取這些資料包,例子如下所示,

  1. [[email protected]-0-1 ~]# tcpdump -r enp0s3-26082018.pcap

用可讀性高的時間戳讀取包內容,

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -tttt -r enp0s3-26082018.pcap

  2. reading from file enp0s3-26082018.pcap, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet)

  3. 2018-08-25 22:03:17.249648 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1426167803:1426167927, ack 3061962134, win 291, options

  4. [nop,nop,TS val 81358717 ecr 20378789], length 124

  5. 2018-08-25 22:03:17.249840 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > compute-0-1.example.com.ssh: Flags [.], ack 124, win 564, options [nop,nop,TS val 20378791 ecr 81358

  6. 717], length 0

  7. 2018-08-25 22:03:17.454559 IP controller0.example.com.amqp > compute-0-1.example.com.57836: Flags [.], ack 1079416895, win 1432, options [nop,nop,TS v

  8. al 81352560 ecr 81353913], length 0

  9. 2018-08-25 22:03:17.454642 IP compute-0-1.example.com.57836 > controller0.example.com.amqp: Flags [.], ack 1, win 237, options [nop,nop,TS val 8135892

  10. 2 ecr 81317504], length 0

  11. 2018-08-25 22:03:17.646945 IP compute-0-1.example.com.57788 > controller0.example.com.amqp: Flags [.], seq 106760587:106762035, ack 688390730, win 237

  12. , options [nop,nop,TS val 81359114 ecr 81350901], length 1448

  13. 2018-08-25 22:03:17.647043 IP compute-0-1.example.com.57788 > controller0.example.com.amqp: Flags [P.], seq 1448:1956, ack 1, win 237, options [nop,no

  14. p,TS val 81359114 ecr 81350901], length 508

  15. 2018-08-25 22:03:17.647502 IP controller0.example.com.amqp > compute-0-1.example.com.57788: Flags [.], ack 1956, win 1432, options [nop,nop,TS val 813

  16. 52753 ecr 81359114], length 0

  17. .........................................................................................................................

示例:7)僅捕獲特定接口上的 IP 地址資料包(-n 選項)

使用 tcpdump 命令中的 -n 選項,我們能只捕獲特定接口上的 IP 地址資料包,示例如下所示,

  1. [[email protected]-0-1 ~]# tcpdump -n -i enp0s3

上述命令輸出如下,

  1. tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode

  2. listening on enp0s3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes

  3. 22:22:28.537904 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1433301395:1433301583, ack 3061976250, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 82510005 ecr 20666610], length 188

  4. 22:22:28.538173 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > 169.144.0.20.ssh: Flags [.], ack 188, win 9086, options [nop,nop,TS val 20666613 ecr 82510005], length 0

  5. 22:22:28.538573 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 188:552, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 82510006 ecr 20666613], length 364

  6. 22:22:28.538736 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > 169.144.0.20.ssh: Flags [.], ack 552, win 9086, options [nop,nop,TS val 20666613 ecr 82510006], length 0

  7. 22:22:28.538874 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 552:892, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 82510006 ecr 20666613], length 340

  8. 22:22:28.539042 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > 169.144.0.20.ssh: Flags [.], ack 892, win 9086, options [nop,nop,TS val 20666613 ecr 82510006], length 0

  9. 22:22:28.539178 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 892:1232, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 82510006 ecr 20666613], length 340

  10. 22:22:28.539282 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > 169.144.0.20.ssh: Flags [.], ack 1232, win 9086, options [nop,nop,TS val 20666614 ecr 82510006], length 0

  11. 22:22:28.539479 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1232:1572, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 82510006 ecr 20666614], length 340

  12. 22:22:28.539595 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > 169.144.0.20.ssh: Flags [.], ack 1572, win 9086, options [nop,nop,TS val 20666614 ecr 82510006], length 0

  13. 22:22:28.539760 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1572:1912, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 82510007 ecr 20666614], length 340

  14. .........................................................................

您還可以使用 tcpdump 命令中的 -c 和 -N 選項捕獲 N 個 IP 地址包,

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -c 25 -n -i enp0s3

示例:8)僅捕獲特定接口上的 TCP 資料包

在 tcpdump 命令中,我們能使用 tcp 選項來只捕獲 TCP 資料包,

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -i enp0s3 tcp

  2. tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode

  3. listening on enp0s3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes

  4. 22:36:54.521053 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1433336467:1433336655, ack 3061986618, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 83375988 ecr 20883106], length 188

  5. 22:36:54.521474 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > 169.144.0.20.ssh: Flags [.], ack 188, win 9086, options [nop,nop,TS val 20883109 ecr 83375988], length 0

  6. 22:36:54.522214 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 188:552, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 83375989 ecr 20883109], length 364

  7. 22:36:54.522508 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > 169.144.0.20.ssh: Flags [.], ack 552, win 9086, options [nop,nop,TS val 20883109 ecr 83375989], length 0

  8. 22:36:54.522867 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 552:892, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 83375990 ecr 20883109], length 340

  9. 22:36:54.523006 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > 169.144.0.20.ssh: Flags [.], ack 892, win 9086, options [nop,nop,TS val 20883109 ecr 83375990], length 0

  10. 22:36:54.523304 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 892:1232, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 83375990 ecr 20883109], length 340

  11. 22:36:54.523461 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > 169.144.0.20.ssh: Flags [.], ack 1232, win 9086, options [nop,nop,TS val 20883110 ecr 83375990], length 0

  12. 22:36:54.523604 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1232:1572, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 83375991 ecr 20883110], length 340

  13. ...................................................................................................................................................

示例:9)從特定接口上的特定端口捕獲資料包

使用 tcpdump 命令,我們可以從特定接口 enp0s3 上的特定端口(例如 22)捕獲資料包。

語法:

  1. # tcpdump -i {interface-name} port {Port_Number}

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -i enp0s3 port 22

  2. tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode

  3. listening on enp0s3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes

  4. 22:54:45.032412 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1435010787:1435010975, ack 3061993834, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 84446499 ecr 21150734], length 188

  5. 22:54:45.032631 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > compute-0-1.example.com.ssh: Flags [.], ack 188, win 9131, options [nop,nop,TS val 21150737 ecr 84446499], length 0

  6. 22:54:55.037926 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 188:576, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 84456505 ecr 21150737], length 388

  7. 22:54:55.038106 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > compute-0-1.example.com.ssh: Flags [.], ack 576, win 9154, options [nop,nop,TS val 21153238 ecr 84456505], length 0

  8. 22:54:55.038286 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 576:940, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 84456505 ecr 21153238], length 364

  9. 22:54:55.038564 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > compute-0-1.example.com.ssh: Flags [.], ack 940, win 9177, options [nop,nop,TS val 21153238 ecr 84456505], length 0

  10. 22:54:55.038708 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 940:1304, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 84456506 ecr 21153238], length 364

  11. ............................................................................................................................

示例:10)在特定接口上捕獲來自特定來源 IP 的資料包

在 tcpdump 命令中,使用 src 關鍵字後跟 IP 地址,我們可以捕獲來自特定來源 IP 的資料包,

語法:

  1. # tcpdump -n -i {接口名} src {IP 地址}

例子如下,

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -n -i enp0s3 src 169.144.0.10

  2. tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode

  3. listening on enp0s3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes

  4. 23:03:45.912733 IP 169.144.0.10.amqp > 169.144.0.20.57800: Flags [.], ack 526623844, win 243, options [nop,nop,TS val 84981008 ecr 84982372], length 0

  5. 23:03:46.136757 IP 169.144.0.10.amqp > 169.144.0.20.57796: Flags [.], ack 2535995970, win 252, options [nop,nop,TS val 84981232 ecr 84982596], length 0

  6. 23:03:46.153398 IP 169.144.0.10.amqp > 169.144.0.20.57798: Flags [.], ack 3623063621, win 243, options [nop,nop,TS val 84981248 ecr 84982612], length 0

  7. 23:03:46.361160 IP 169.144.0.10.amqp > 169.144.0.20.57802: Flags [.], ack 2140263945, win 252, options [nop,nop,TS val 84981456 ecr 84982821], length 0

  8. 23:03:46.376926 IP 169.144.0.10.amqp > 169.144.0.20.57808: Flags [.], ack 175946224, win 252, options [nop,nop,TS val 84981472 ecr 84982836], length 0

  9. 23:03:46.505242 IP 169.144.0.10.amqp > 169.144.0.20.57810: Flags [.], ack 1016089556, win 252, options [nop,nop,TS val 84981600 ecr 84982965], length 0

  10. 23:03:46.616994 IP 169.144.0.10.amqp > 169.144.0.20.57812: Flags [.], ack 832263835, win 252, options [nop,nop,TS val 84981712 ecr 84983076], length 0

  11. 23:03:46.809344 IP 169.144.0.10.amqp > 169.144.0.20.57814: Flags [.], ack 2781799939, win 252, options [nop,nop,TS val 84981904 ecr 84983268], length 0

  12. 23:03:46.809485 IP 169.144.0.10.amqp > 169.144.0.20.57816: Flags [.], ack 1662816815, win 252, options [nop,nop,TS val 84981904 ecr 84983268], length 0

  13. 23:03:47.033301 IP 169.144.0.10.amqp > 169.144.0.20.57818: Flags [.], ack 2387094362, win 252, options [nop,nop,TS val 84982128 ecr 84983492], length 0

  14. ^C

  15. 10 packets captured

  16. 12 packets received by filter

  17. 0 packets dropped by kernel

示例:11)在特定接口上捕獲來自特定目的 IP 的資料包

語法:

  1. # tcpdump -n -i {接口名} dst {IP 地址}

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -n -i enp0s3 dst 169.144.0.1

  2. tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode

  3. listening on enp0s3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes

  4. 23:10:43.520967 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1439564171:1439564359, ack 3062005550, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 85404988 ecr 21390356], length 188

  5. 23:10:43.521441 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 188:408, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 85404988 ecr 21390359], length 220

  6. 23:10:43.521719 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 408:604, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 85404989 ecr 21390359], length 196

  7. 23:10:43.521993 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 604:800, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 85404989 ecr 21390359], length 196

  8. 23:10:43.522157 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 800:996, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 85404989 ecr 21390359], length 196

  9. 23:10:43.522346 IP 169.144.0.20.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 996:1192, ack 1, win 291, options [nop,nop,TS val 85404989 ecr 21390359], length 196

  10. .........................................................................................

示例:12)捕獲兩台主機之間的 TCP 資料包通信

假設我想捕獲兩台主機 169.144.0.1 和 169.144.0.20 之間的 TCP 資料包,示例如下所示,

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -w two-host-tcp-comm.pcap -i enp0s3 tcp and \(host 169.144.0.1 or host 169.144.0.20\)

使用 tcpdump 命令只捕獲兩台主機之間的 SSH 資料包流,

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -w ssh-comm-two-hosts.pcap -i enp0s3 src 169.144.0.1 and port 22 and dst 169.144.0.20 and port 22

示例:13)捕獲兩台主機之間(來回)的 UDP 網絡資料包

語法:

  1. # tcpdump -w -s -i udp and \(host and host \)

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -w two-host-comm.pcap -s 1000 -i enp0s3 udp and \(host 169.144.0.10 and host 169.144.0.20\)

示例:14)捕獲十六進制和 ASCII 格式的資料包

使用 tcpdump 命令,我們可以以 ASCII 和十六進制格式捕獲 TCP/IP 資料包,

要使用 -A 選項捕獲 ASCII 格式的資料包,示例如下所示:

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -c 10 -A -i enp0s3

  2. tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode

  3. listening on enp0s3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes

  4. 00:37:10.520060 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1452637331:1452637519, ack 3062125586, win 333, options [nop,nop,TS val 90591987 ecr 22687106], length 188

  5. E...[[email protected]-0-1 @...............V.|...T....MT......

  6. .fR..Z-....b.:..Z5...{.'p....]."}...Z..9.?......."[email protected] <.....v..c..... ....qb..5...n.....="">..

  7. 00:37:10.520319 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > compute-0-1.example.com.ssh: Flags [.], ack 188, win 13930, options [nop,nop,TS val 22687109 ecr 90591987], length 0

  8. [email protected]-0-1 @.|+..............T.V.}O..6j.d.....

  9. .Z-..fR.

  10. 00:37:11.687543 IP controller0.example.com.amqp > compute-0-1.example.com.57800: Flags [.], ack 526624548, win 243, options [nop,nop,TS val 90586768 ecr 90588146], length 0

  11. [email protected]-0-1 @.!L...

  12. .....(..g....c.$...........

  13. .f>..fC.

  14. 00:37:11.687612 IP compute-0-1.example.com.57800 > controller0.example.com.amqp: Flags [.], ack 1, win 237, options [nop,nop,TS val 90593155 ecr 90551716], length 0

  15. [email protected]-0-1 @..........

  16. ...(.c.$g.......Se.....

  17. .fW..e..

  18. ..................................................................................................................................................

要同時以十六進制和 ASCII 格式捕獲資料包,請使用 -XX 選項。

  1. [[email protected]-0-1  ~]# tcpdump -c 10 -XX -i enp0s3

  2. tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode

  3. listening on enp0s3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes

  4. 00:39:15.124363 IP compute-0-1.example.com.ssh > 169.144.0.1.39406: Flags [P.], seq 1452640859:1452641047, ack 3062126346, win 333, options [nop,nop,TS val 90716591 ecr 22718257], length 188

  5. 0x0000: 0a00 2700 0000 0800 27f4 f935 0800 4510 ..'.....'..5..E.

  6. 0x0010: 00f0 5bc6 4000 4006 8afc a990 0014 a990 ..[[email protected]-0-1 @.........

  7. 0x0020: 0001 0016 99ee 5695 8a5b b684 570a 8018 ......V..[..W...

  8. 0x0030: 014d 5418 0000 0101 080a 0568 39af 015a .MT........h9..Z

  9. 0x0040: a731 adb7 58b6 1a0f 2006 df67 c9b6 4479 .1..X......g..Dy

  10. 0x0050: 19fd 2c3d 2042 3313 35b9 a160 fa87 d42c ..,=.B3.5..`...,

  11. 0x0060: 89a9 3d7d dfbf 980d 2596 4f2a 99ba c92a ..=}....%.O*...*

  12. 0x0070: 3e1e 7bf7 3af2 a5cc ee4f 10bc 7dfc 630d >.{.:....O..}.c.

  13. 0x0080: 898a 0e16 6825 56c7 b683 1de4 3526 ff04 ....h%V.....5&..

  14. 0x0090: 68d1 4f7d babd 27ba 84ae c5d3 750b 01bd h.O}..'.....u...

  15. 0x00a0: 9c43 e10a 33a6 8df2 a9f0 c052 c7ed 2ff5 .C..3......R../.

  16. 0x00b0: bfb1 ce84 edfc c141 6dad fa19 0702 62a7 .......Am.....b.

  17. 0x00c0: 306c db6b 2eea 824e eea5 acd7 f92e 6de3 0l.k...N......m.

  18. 0x00d0: 85d0 222d f8bf 9051 2c37 93c8 506d 5cb5 .."-...Q,7..Pm\.

  19. 0x00e0: 3b4a 2a80 d027 49f2 c996 d2d9 a9eb c1c4 ;J*..'I.........

  20. 0x00f0: 7719 c615 8486 d84c e42d 0ba3 698c w......L.-..i.

  21. 00:39:15.124648 IP 169.144.0.1.39406 > compute-0-1.example.com.ssh: Flags [.], ack 188, win 13971, options [nop,nop,TS val 22718260 ecr 90716591], length 0

  22. 0x0000: 0800 27f4 f935 0a00 2700 0000 0800 4510 ..'..5..'.....E.

  23. 0x0010: 0034 6b70 4000 4006 7c0e a990 0001 a990 [email protected] @.|.......

  24. 0x0020: 0014 99ee 0016 b684 570a 5695 8b17 8010 ........W.V.....

  25. 0x0030: 3693 7c0e 0000 0101 080a 015a a734 0568 6.|........Z.4.h

  26. 0x0040: 39af

  27. .......................................................................

這就是本文的全部內容,我希望您能瞭解如何使用 tcpdump 命令捕獲和分析 TCP/IP 資料包。請分享你的反饋和評論。


via: https://www.linuxtechi.com/capture-analyze-packets-tcpdump-command-linux/

作者:Pradeep Kumar[2]
選題:lujun9972
譯者:ypingcn
校對:wxy

本文由 LCTT 原創編譯,Linux中國 榮譽推出

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