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UKTools:安裝最新 Linux 內核的簡便方法 | Linux 中國

Ubuntu 中有許多實用程式可以將 Linux 內核升級到最新的穩定版本。
— Prakash Subramanian


致謝
編譯自 | 
https://www.2daygeek.com/uktools-easy-way-to-install-latest-stable-linux-kernel-on-ubuntu-mint-and-derivatives/
 
 作者 | Prakash Subramanian
 譯者 | MjSeven ????共計翻譯:65 篇 貢獻時間:186 天

Ubuntu 中有許多實用程式可以將 Linux 內核升級到最新的穩定版本。我們之前已經寫過關於這些實用程式的文章,例如 Linux Kernel Utilities (LKU)、 Ubuntu Kernel Upgrade Utility (UKUU) 和 Ubunsys。

另外還有一些其它實用程式可供使用。我們計劃在其它文章中包含這些,例如 ubuntu-mainline-kernel.sh 和從主線內核手動安裝的方式。

今天我們還會教你類似的使用工具 —— UKTools。你可以嘗試使用這些實用程式中的任何一個來將 Linux 內核升級至最新版本。

最新的內核版本附帶了安全漏洞修複和一些改進,因此,最好保持最新的內核版本以獲得可靠、安全和更好的硬體性能。

有時候最新的內核版本可能會有一些漏洞,並且會導致系統崩潰,這是你的風險。我建議你不要在生產環境中安裝它。

建議閱讀:

◈ Linux 內核實用程式(LKU)- 在 Ubuntu/LinuxMint 中編譯,安裝和更新最新內核的一組 Shell 腳本[1]
◈ Ukuu – 在基於 Ubuntu 的系統中安裝或升級 Linux 內核的簡便方法[2]
◈ 6 種檢查系統上正在運行的 Linux 內核版本的方法[3]

什麼是 UKTools

UKTools[4] 意思是 Ubuntu 內核工具,它包含兩個 shell 腳本 ukupgrade 和 ukpurge

ukupgrade 意思是 “Ubuntu Kernel Upgrade”,它允許用戶將 Linux 內核升級到 Ubuntu/Mint 的最新穩定版本以及基於 kernel.ubuntu.com[5] 的衍生版本。

ukpurge 意思是 “Ubuntu Kernel Purge”,它允許用戶在機器中刪除舊的 Linux 內核鏡像或頭檔案,用於 Ubuntu/Mint 和其衍生版本。它將只保留三個內核版本。

此實用程式沒有 GUI,但它看起來非常簡單直接,因此,新手可以在沒有任何問題的情況下進行升級。

我正在運行 Ubuntu 17.10,目前的內核版本如下:

  1. $ uname -a

  2. Linux ubuntu 4.13.0-39-generic #44-Ubuntu SMP Thu Apr 5 14:25:01 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

運行以下命令來獲取系統上已安裝內核的串列(Ubuntu 及其衍生產品)。目前我持有 7 個內核。

  1. $ dpkg --list | grep linux-image

  2. ii linux-image-4.13.0-16-generic 4.13.0-16.19 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  3. ii linux-image-4.13.0-17-generic 4.13.0-17.20 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  4. ii linux-image-4.13.0-32-generic 4.13.0-32.35 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  5. ii linux-image-4.13.0-36-generic 4.13.0-36.40 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  6. ii linux-image-4.13.0-37-generic 4.13.0-37.42 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  7. ii linux-image-4.13.0-38-generic 4.13.0-38.43 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  8. ii linux-image-4.13.0-39-generic 4.13.0-39.44 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  9. ii linux-image-extra-4.13.0-16-generic 4.13.0-16.19 amd64 Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  10. ii linux-image-extra-4.13.0-17-generic 4.13.0-17.20 amd64 Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  11. ii linux-image-extra-4.13.0-32-generic 4.13.0-32.35 amd64 Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  12. ii linux-image-extra-4.13.0-36-generic 4.13.0-36.40 amd64 Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  13. ii linux-image-extra-4.13.0-37-generic 4.13.0-37.42 amd64 Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  14. ii linux-image-extra-4.13.0-38-generic 4.13.0-38.43 amd64 Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  15. ii linux-image-extra-4.13.0-39-generic 4.13.0-39.44 amd64 Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  16. ii linux-image-generic 4.13.0.39.42 amd64 Generic Linux kernel image

如何安裝 UKTools

在 Ubuntu 及其衍生產品上,只需運行以下命令來安裝 UKTools 即可。

在你的系統上運行以下命令來克隆 UKTools 倉庫:

  1. $ git clone https://github.com/usbkey9/uktools

進入 uktools 目錄:

  1. $ cd uktools

運行 Makefile 以生成必要的檔案。此外,這將自動安裝最新的可用內核。只需重新啟動系統即可使用最新的內核。

  1. $ sudo make

  2. [sudo] password for daygeek:

  3. Creating the directories if neccessary

  4. Linking profile.d file for reboot message

  5. Linking files to global sbin directory

  6. Ubuntu Kernel Upgrade - by Mustafa Hasturk

  7. ------------------------------------------

  8. This script is based on the work of Mustafa Hasturk and was reworked by

  9. Caio Oliveira and modified and fixed by Christoph Kepler

  10. Current Development and Maintenance by Christoph Kepler

  11. Do you want the Stable Release (if not sure, press y)? (y/n): y

  12. Do you want the Generic kernel? (y/n): y

  13. Do you want to autoremove old kernel? (y/n): y

  14. no crontab for root

  15. Do you want to update the kernel automatically? (y/n): y

  16. Setup complete. Update the kernel right now? (y/n): y

  17. Reading package lists... Done

  18. Building dependency tree

  19. Reading state information... Done

  20. The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:

  21. linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-16 linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-16-generic linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-17 linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-17-generic linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-32 linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-32-generic linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-36

  22. linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-36-generic linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-37 linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-37-generic linux-image-4.13.0-16-generic linux-image-4.13.0-17-generic linux-image-4.13.0-32-generic linux-image-4.13.0-36-generic

  23. linux-image-4.13.0-37-generic linux-image-extra-4.13.0-16-generic linux-image-extra-4.13.0-17-generic linux-image-extra-4.13.0-32-generic linux-image-extra-4.13.0-36-generic

  24. linux-image-extra-4.13.0-37-generic

  25. Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them.

  26. The following additional packages will be installed:

  27. lynx-common

  28. The following NEW packages will be installed:

  29. lynx lynx-common

  30. 0 upgraded, 2 newly installed, 0 to remove and 71 not upgraded.

  31. Need to get 1,498 kB of archives.

  32. After this operation, 5,418 kB of additional disk space will be used.

  33. Get:1 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu artful/universe amd64 lynx-common all 2.8.9dev16-1 [873 kB]

  34. Get:2 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu artful/universe amd64 lynx amd64 2.8.9dev16-1 [625 kB]

  35. Fetched 1,498 kB in 12s (120 kB/s)

  36. Selecting previously unselected package lynx-common.

  37. (Reading database ... 441037 files and directories currently installed.)

  38. Preparing to unpack .../lynx-common_2.8.9dev16-1_all.deb ...

  39. Unpacking lynx-common (2.8.9dev16-1) ...

  40. Selecting previously unselected package lynx.

  41. Preparing to unpack .../lynx_2.8.9dev16-1_amd64.deb ...

  42. Unpacking lynx (2.8.9dev16-1) ...

  43. Processing triggers for mime-support (3.60ubuntu1) ...

  44. Processing triggers for doc-base (0.10.7) ...

  45. Processing 1 added doc-base file...

  46. Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.6.1-2) ...

  47. Setting up lynx-common (2.8.9dev16-1) ...

  48. Setting up lynx (2.8.9dev16-1) ...

  49. update-alternatives: using /usr/bin/lynx to provide /usr/bin/www-browser (www-browser) in auto mode

  50. Cleaning old downloads in /tmp

  51. Downloading the kernel's components...

  52. Checksum for linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607-generic_4.16.7-041607.201805021131_amd64.deb succeed

  53. Checksum for linux-image-unsigned-4.16.7-041607-generic_4.16.7-041607.201805021131_amd64.deb succeed

  54. Checksum for linux-modules-4.16.7-041607-generic_4.16.7-041607.201805021131_amd64.deb succeed

  55. Downloading the shared kernel essay-header...

  56. Checksum for linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607_4.16.7-041607.201805021131_all.deb succeed

  57. Installing Kernel and Headers...

  58. Selecting previously unselected package linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607.

  59. (Reading database ... 441141 files and directories currently installed.)

  60. Preparing to unpack .../linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607_4.16.7-041607.201805021131_all.deb ...

  61. Unpacking linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607 (4.16.7-041607.201805021131) ...

  62. Selecting previously unselected package linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607-generic.

  63. Preparing to unpack .../linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607-generic_4.16.7-041607.201805021131_amd64.deb ...

  64. Unpacking linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607-generic (4.16.7-041607.201805021131) ...

  65. Selecting previously unselected package linux-image-unsigned-4.16.7-041607-generic.

  66. Preparing to unpack .../linux-image-unsigned-4.16.7-041607-generic_4.16.7-041607.201805021131_amd64.deb ...

  67. Unpacking linux-image-unsigned-4.16.7-041607-generic (4.16.7-041607.201805021131) ...

  68. Selecting previously unselected package linux-modules-4.16.7-041607-generic.

  69. Preparing to unpack .../linux-modules-4.16.7-041607-generic_4.16.7-041607.201805021131_amd64.deb ...

  70. Unpacking linux-modules-4.16.7-041607-generic (4.16.7-041607.201805021131) ...

  71. Setting up linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607 (4.16.7-041607.201805021131) ...

  72. dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607-generic:

  73. linux-essay-headers-4.16.7-041607-generic depends on libssl1.1 (>= 1.1.0); however:

  74. Package libssl1.1 is not installed.

  75. Setting up linux-modules-4.16.7-041607-generic (4.16.7-041607.201805021131) ...

  76. Setting up linux-image-unsigned-4.16.7-041607-generic (4.16.7-041607.201805021131) ...

  77. I: /vmlinuz.old is now a symlink to boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-39-generic

  78. I: /initrd.img.old is now a symlink to boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-39-generic

  79. I: /vmlinuz is now a symlink to boot/vmlinuz-4.16.7-041607-generic

  80. I: /initrd.img is now a symlink to boot/initrd.img-4.16.7-041607-generic

  81. Processing triggers for linux-image-unsigned-4.16.7-041607-generic (4.16.7-041607.201805021131) ...

  82. /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools:

  83. update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.16.7-041607-generic

  84. /etc/kernel/postinst.d/zz-update-grub:

  85. Generating grub configuration file ...

  86. Warning: Setting GRUB_TIMEOUT to a non-zero value when GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT is set is no longer supported.

  87. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.16.7-041607-generic

  88. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.16.7-041607-generic

  89. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-39-generic

  90. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-39-generic

  91. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-38-generic

  92. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-38-generic

  93. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  94. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-37-generic

  95. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-36-generic

  96. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-36-generic

  97. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-32-generic

  98. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-32-generic

  99. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-17-generic

  100. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-17-generic

  101. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  102. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-16-generic

  103. Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.elf

  104. Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.bin

  105. done

  106. Thanks for using this script! Hope it helped.

  107. Give it a star: https://github.com/MarauderXtreme/uktools

重新啟動系統以激活最新的內核。

  1. $ sudo shutdown -r now

一旦系統重新啟動,重新檢查內核版本。

  1. $ uname -a

  2. Linux ubuntu 4.16.7-041607-generic #201805021131 SMP Wed May 2 15:34:55 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

此 make 命令會將下麵的檔案放到 /usr/local/bin 目錄中。

  1. do-kernel-upgrade

  2. do-kernel-purge

要移除舊內核,運行以下命令:

  1. $ do-kernel-purge

  2. Ubuntu Kernel Purge - by Caio Oliveira

  3. This script will only keep three versions: the first and the last two, others will be purge

  4. ---Current version:

  5. Linux Kernel 4.16.7-041607 Generic (linux-image-4.16.7-041607-generic)

  6. ---Versions to remove:

  7. 4.13.0-16

  8. 4.13.0-17

  9. 4.13.0-32

  10. 4.13.0-36

  11. 4.13.0-37

  12. ---Do you want to remove the old kernels/essay-headers versions? (Y/n): y

  13. Reading package lists... Done

  14. Building dependency tree

  15. Reading state information... Done

  16. The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:

  17. linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-17 linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-17-generic linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-32 linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-32-generic linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-36 linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-36-generic linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-37

  18. linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-37-generic linux-image-4.13.0-17-generic linux-image-4.13.0-32-generic linux-image-4.13.0-36-generic linux-image-4.13.0-37-generic linux-image-extra-4.13.0-17-generic

  19. linux-image-extra-4.13.0-32-generic linux-image-extra-4.13.0-36-generic linux-image-extra-4.13.0-37-generic

  20. Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them.

  21. The following packages will be REMOVED:

  22. linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-16* linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-16-generic* linux-image-4.13.0-16-generic* linux-image-extra-4.13.0-16-generic*

  23. 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 4 to remove and 71 not upgraded.

  24. After this operation, 318 MB disk space will be freed.

  25. (Reading database ... 465582 files and directories currently installed.)

  26. Removing linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-16-generic (4.13.0-16.19) ...

  27. Removing linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-16 (4.13.0-16.19) ...

  28. Removing linux-image-extra-4.13.0-16-generic (4.13.0-16.19) ...

  29. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/apt-auto-removal 4.13.0-16-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  30. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 4.13.0-16-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  31. update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-16-generic

  32. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/unattended-upgrades 4.13.0-16-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  33. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/update-notifier 4.13.0-16-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  34. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/zz-update-grub 4.13.0-16-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  35. Generating grub configuration file ...

  36. Warning: Setting GRUB_TIMEOUT to a non-zero value when GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT is set is no longer supported.

  37. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.16.7-041607-generic

  38. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.16.7-041607-generic

  39. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-39-generic

  40. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-39-generic

  41. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-38-generic

  42. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-38-generic

  43. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  44. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-37-generic

  45. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-36-generic

  46. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-36-generic

  47. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-32-generic

  48. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-32-generic

  49. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-17-generic

  50. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-17-generic

  51. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  52. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-16-generic

  53. Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.elf

  54. Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.bin

  55. done

  56. Removing linux-image-4.13.0-16-generic (4.13.0-16.19) ...

  57. Examining /etc/kernel/postrm.d .

  58. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/initramfs-tools 4.13.0-16-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  59. update-initramfs: Deleting /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-16-generic

  60. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/zz-update-grub 4.13.0-16-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  61. Generating grub configuration file ...

  62. Warning: Setting GRUB_TIMEOUT to a non-zero value when GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT is set is no longer supported.

  63. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.16.7-041607-generic

  64. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.16.7-041607-generic

  65. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-39-generic

  66. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-39-generic

  67. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-38-generic

  68. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-38-generic

  69. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  70. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-37-generic

  71. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-36-generic

  72. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-36-generic

  73. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-32-generic

  74. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-32-generic

  75. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-17-generic

  76. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-17-generic

  77. Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.elf

  78. Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.bin

  79. done

  80. (Reading database ... 430635 files and directories currently installed.)

  81. Purging configuration files for linux-image-extra-4.13.0-16-generic (4.13.0-16.19) ...

  82. Purging configuration files for linux-image-4.13.0-16-generic (4.13.0-16.19) ...

  83. Examining /etc/kernel/postrm.d .

  84. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/initramfs-tools 4.13.0-16-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  85. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/zz-update-grub 4.13.0-16-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-generic

  86. Reading package lists... Done

  87. Building dependency tree

  88. Reading state information... Done

  89. .

  90. .

  91. .

  92. .

  93. Reading package lists... Done

  94. Building dependency tree

  95. Reading state information... Done

  96. The following packages will be REMOVED:

  97. linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-37* linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-37-generic* linux-image-4.13.0-37-generic* linux-image-extra-4.13.0-37-generic*

  98. 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 4 to remove and 71 not upgraded.

  99. After this operation, 321 MB disk space will be freed.

  100. (Reading database ... 325772 files and directories currently installed.)

  101. Removing linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-37-generic (4.13.0-37.42) ...

  102. Removing linux-essay-headers-4.13.0-37 (4.13.0-37.42) ...

  103. Removing linux-image-extra-4.13.0-37-generic (4.13.0-37.42) ...

  104. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/apt-auto-removal 4.13.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  105. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 4.13.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  106. update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-37-generic

  107. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/unattended-upgrades 4.13.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  108. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/update-notifier 4.13.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  109. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/zz-update-grub 4.13.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  110. Generating grub configuration file ...

  111. Warning: Setting GRUB_TIMEOUT to a non-zero value when GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT is set is no longer supported.

  112. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.16.7-041607-generic

  113. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.16.7-041607-generic

  114. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-39-generic

  115. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-39-generic

  116. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-38-generic

  117. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-38-generic

  118. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  119. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-37-generic

  120. Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.elf

  121. Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.bin

  122. done

  123. Removing linux-image-4.13.0-37-generic (4.13.0-37.42) ...

  124. Examining /etc/kernel/postrm.d .

  125. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/initramfs-tools 4.13.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  126. update-initramfs: Deleting /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-37-generic

  127. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/zz-update-grub 4.13.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  128. Generating grub configuration file ...

  129. Warning: Setting GRUB_TIMEOUT to a non-zero value when GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT is set is no longer supported.

  130. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.16.7-041607-generic

  131. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.16.7-041607-generic

  132. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-39-generic

  133. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-39-generic

  134. Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-38-generic

  135. Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-38-generic

  136. Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.elf

  137. Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.bin

  138. done

  139. (Reading database ... 290810 files and directories currently installed.)

  140. Purging configuration files for linux-image-extra-4.13.0-37-generic (4.13.0-37.42) ...

  141. Purging configuration files for linux-image-4.13.0-37-generic (4.13.0-37.42) ...

  142. Examining /etc/kernel/postrm.d .

  143. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/initramfs-tools 4.13.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  144. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/zz-update-grub 4.13.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-37-generic

  145. Thanks for using this script!!!

使用以下命令重新檢查已安裝內核的串列。它將只保留三個舊的內核。

  1. $ dpkg --list | grep linux-image

  2. ii linux-image-4.13.0-38-generic 4.13.0-38.43 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  3. ii linux-image-4.13.0-39-generic 4.13.0-39.44 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  4. ii linux-image-extra-4.13.0-38-generic 4.13.0-38.43 amd64 Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  5. ii linux-image-extra-4.13.0-39-generic 4.13.0-39.44 amd64 Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP

  6. ii linux-image-generic 4.13.0.39.42 amd64 Generic Linux kernel image

  7. ii linux-image-unsigned-4.16.7-041607-generic 4.16.7-041607.201805021131 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.16.7 on 64 bit x86 SMP

下次你可以呼叫 do-kernel-upgrade 實用程式來安裝新的內核。如果有任何新內核可用,那麼它將安裝。如果沒有,它將報告當前沒有可用的內核更新。

  1. $ do-kernel-upgrade

  2. Kernel up to date. Finishing

再次運行 do-kernel-purge 命令以確認。如果發現超過三個內核,那麼它將移除。如果不是,它將報告沒有刪除訊息。

  1. $ do-kernel-purge

  2. Ubuntu Kernel Purge - by Caio Oliveira

  3. This script will only keep three versions: the first and the last two, others will be purge

  4. ---Current version:

  5. Linux Kernel 4.16.7-041607 Generic (linux-image-4.16.7-041607-generic)

  6. Nothing to remove!

  7. Thanks for using this script!!!


via: https://www.2daygeek.com/uktools-easy-way-to-install-latest-stable-linux-kernel-on-ubuntu-mint-and-derivatives/

作者:Prakash Subramanian[7] 選題:lujun9972 譯者:MjSeven 校對:wxy

本文由 LCTT 原創編譯,Linux中國 榮譽推出

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